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Gynecology

Hello. I have had infertility for 2 years now, diagnosed with endometriosis of the uterus. What kind of disease is this, please tell me.

Hello Jain!

Endometriosis of the uterus – «Adenomyosis» is a benign hormone-dependent disease, a type of endometriosis. It characterized by the penetration of endometrial tissue into other uterine layers (muscle, serous). The defining feature of this disease is the preservation of the functional cyclic activity of endometrial cells, which in this caseoften called "endometrioid heterotopias".

Currently, there is no definite answer about the causes and mechanisms of the development of endometriosis. There are several hypotheses, but none of them gives a holistic idea of ​​all the pathological processes that occur during endometriosis.

There are three reasons supported by numerous studies:

  • Hormonal imbalance against the background of malfunctions in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian system;
  • Impaired immune status;
  • Genetic predisposition.
  • seen and proximal tubular occlusion often revealed.
  • The study of hormonal status - the level of estrogen, progesterone, follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones, etc.
  • If indications are available, magnetic-nuclear tomography, consultations of related specialists, etc.

With adenomyosis, the body of the uterus increases in size takes on a spherical shape, and discomfort during examination. The ultrasound picture of the organ changes, there are unevenness of the contours of the uterus, deformation of the M-echo, violations of the acoustic structure of the myometrium.

It is necessary to detail the pathological process using additional research methods.

Perhaps, in your case, you need a surgical method of treatment.

Sincerely,

Veronika Melnikova.


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